Children and Families that go Missing (including Unborn Children)


Also see: Further Information.

1. Definition

These procedures apply if a child in the following circumstances goes missing or cannot be traced:

  • A child who is the subject of a child protection referral or Section 47 Enquiry;
  • A child who is the subject of a Child Protection Plan, who goes missing or is removed from her/his address outside the terms of the Child Protection Plan;
  • Any child known to a statutory agency who goes missing in suspicious circumstances or about whom there are concerns - e.g. one who is subject to an Assessment where there are developing concerns about their safety.

These procedures also apply to adults whose whereabouts become unknown in the following circumstances:

  • A pregnant woman when there are concerns about the welfare of the child following birth;
  • A family where there are concerns about the welfare of the child because of the presence of an individual who poses a risk to children or other person suspected of previously harming a child.

2. Indicators

Local agencies and professionals working with children and families where there are outstanding concerns of significant harm, must bear in mind that unusual non-school attendance, missed appointments, cancelled or abortive home visits, may indicate that the family has moved out of the area.

This possibility must also be borne in mind when there are concerns about an unborn child who may be likely to suffer significant harm.

3. Protection and Action to be Taken

In any of the above circumstances the relevant Children's social care team holding case responsibility must be notified immediately.

The Children's social care team must then inform the Manager of the Safeguarding and Reviewing Unit immediately, if the child is subject to a Child Protection Plan. The Police must also be notified immediately.

The Manager of the List of Children Subject to a Child Protection Plan must be informed immediately, if a child who has a Child Protection Plan goes missing.

At the same time, the Children's social care team must contact all local agencies, who know the child, to inform them of the situation and where the child is the subject of a Child Protection Plan all members of the Core Group must be informed in writing.

The Children's social care team must ensure that existing records in these agencies are checked to obtain any information which may help to trace the missing child, e.g. details of friends and relatives, and this information should be passed to the police officer undertaking the missing person enquiry.

The Designated Safeguarding Children Nurse must be notified about a missing child, family or a pregnant woman. Notification must occur immediately for a child subject to a Child Protection Plan. S/he then has responsibility for initiating appropriate local or national notifications of Integrated Care Boards and Hospital Trusts, including Midwifery services where relevant.

The Pupil Tracking Officer should notify colleagues in other areas about a pupil whose name may show up on the roll of a new school. The Children's social care team must ensure that all those with Parental Responsibility are informed that the child is missing.

If, after following the above steps, the child has not been traced, there should be a Strategy Discussion initiated by Children's social care chaired by a Children's social care manager.

Parties to the Strategy Discussion will need to consider whether to circulate other local authorities and other agencies in the area in which the child and family are thought to have gone.

The Children's social care team should give consideration to national notification of authorities and agencies including Jobcentre Plus and the Child Benefit Agency. This notification should be completed within 48 hours of completing the missing person report.

A senior member of Children's social care should seek assistance from the Department for Work and Pensions.

If there is any suspicion that the child may be removed from UK jurisdiction, appropriate legal interventions should be considered and Legal Services consulted about options. It may also be appropriate to contact the Child Abduction Unit or the Consular Directorate at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, which may be able to follow up a case through their consular post in the country or countries concerned. See also Working with Foreign Authorities: Child Protection Cases and Care Orders Departmental advice for local authorities, social workers, service managers and children's services lawyers.

If the Strategy Discussion agrees that the details of the child or family are to be circulated to other local authorities, details of:

  • The children in the family;
  • Other family members or significant adults;
  • The circumstances causing concern;
  • Action required if a child is found;
  • Details of contact arrangements for the social worker - including out of office hours contact;
  • Where possible physical descriptions of the key people and photographs, if available;

should be sent to the Manager of the Safeguarding and Reviewing Unit for distribution to her/his peers nationally, who in turn should circulate within their own Children's social care and local agencies.

The Manager should inform the Head of Children's social care and the Council's Press office.

If the child is subject to a Child Protection Plan, the Lead Social Worker should regularly consult the Child Protection Conference Chair and if the child is not found within 20 working days, the Child Protection Review Conference must be brought forward to consider whether any other action should be taken.

4. Issues

When a child is found, there should, if practicable, be a further Strategy Discussion within one working day, attended by previously involved agencies. In all cases, where the child is subject to a Child Protection Plan, a Strategy Discussion must be held within one working day.

Any child who is found following a period of time as missing should, regardless of whether s/he is believed to have suffered Significant Harm, be interviewed by a social worker and/or the Police. This interview should provide a safe opportunity for the child to discuss any concerns regarding her/his care including if they chose to run away from an abusive situation (see Children Missing from Care, Home and Education).

If the child indicates a wish to be interviewed by an alternative professional, all reasonable efforts must be made to accommodate the child's wishes.

If the child has been found in a different local authority area and is not likely to return, representatives of the 'receiving' local authority must be involved in the Strategy Discussion and the transfer of responsibility for and/or services to the child and family must be discussed.